Section: Responsibilities of department.
3. The department shall be responsible for:
a. (Deleted by amendment, P.L.1998, c.41).
b. The implementation of a drug utilization review program, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of Health and Senior Services, to ensure that prescriptions are appropriate, medically necessary, and not likely to result in adverse medical outcomes, including the approval of the provisions of any contractual agreement between the State pharmaceutical benefits program and other entities processing and reviewing drug claims and profiles for the drug utilization review program.
The program shall include both retrospective and prospective drug utilization review. Retrospective drug utilization review shall include an analysis of drug claims processing data in order to identify patterns of fraud, abuse or gross overuse, and inappropriate or medically unnecessary care, and to assess data on drug use against standards that are based on the compendia and other sources. Prospective drug utilization review shall include a review conducted by the pharmacist at the point of sale.
c. (Deleted by amendment, P.L.1998, c.41).
d. (Deleted by amendment, P.L.1998, c.41).
e. The submission of an annual report, which shall be subject to public comment prior to its issuance, to the federal Department of Health and Human Services by December 1 of each year. The annual report shall also be submitted to the Governor, the Legislature, the New Jersey Pharmaceutical Association and the Medical Society of New Jersey by December 1 of each year. The report shall include the following information:
(1) An overview of the activities of the board and the drug utilization review program;
(2) Interventions used and their ability to improve the quality of care; however, this information shall not disclose the identities of individual prescribers, pharmacists, or beneficiaries, but shall specify whether the intervention was a result of underutilization or overutilization of drugs;
(3) The costs of administering the drug utilization review program;
(4) Any cost impact to other areas of the State pharmaceutical benefits program resulting from the drug utilization review program, such as hospitalization rates or changes in long-term care;
(5) A quantitative assessment of how drug utilization review has improved beneficiaries' quality of care;
(6) A review of the total number of prescriptions and medical exception requests reviewed by drug therapeutic class;
(7) An assessment of the impact of the educational program established pursuant to subsection f. of section 2 of P.L.1998, c.41 (C.30:4D-17.17a) and interventions on prescribing or dispensing practices, total program costs, quality of care and other pertinent patient patterns; and
(8) Recommendations for improvement of the drug utilization review program.
f. The development of a working agreement between the board and other boards or agencies, including, but not limited to: the Board of Pharmacy of the State of New Jersey and the State Board of Medical Examiners, in order to clarify any overlapping areas of responsibility.
g. The establishment of an appeal process for prescribers, pharmacists and beneficiaries pursuant to P.L.1993, c.16 (C.30:4D-17.16 et seq.) and section 2 of P.L.1998, c.41 (C.30:4D-17.17a).
h. The publication and dissemination of medically correct and balanced educational information to prescribers and pharmacists to identify and reduce the frequency of patterns of fraud, abuse, gross overuse, or inappropriate or medically unnecessary care among prescribers, pharmacists and beneficiaries, including:
(1) potential or actual reactions to drugs;
(2) therapeutic appropriateness;
(3) overutilization or underutilization;
(4) appropriate use of generic drugs;
(5) therapeutic duplication;
(6) drug-disease contraindications;
(7) drug-drug interactions;
(8) incorrect drug dosage or duration of drug treatment;
(9) drug allergy interactions; and
(10) clinical abuse or misuse.
i. The development and publication, with the input of the Board of Pharmacy of the State of New Jersey, of the guidelines to be used by pharmacists, including mail order pharmacies, in their counseling of beneficiaries.
j. The adoption and implementation of procedures designed to ensure the confidentiality of any information collected, stored, retrieved, assessed, or analyzed by the board, staff to the board, or contractors to the drug utilization review program, that identifies individual prescribers, pharmacists, or beneficiaries. The board may have access to identifying information for purposes of carrying out intervention activities, but the identifying information may not be released to anyone other than a member of the board, except that the board may release cumulative nonidentifying information for purposes of legitimate research. The improper release of identifying information in violation of this act may subject that person to criminal or civil penalties.
k. The determination of whether nursing or long-term care facilities under 42 CFR 483.60 are exempt from the provisions of this act.
l. The establishment of a medical exception process by regulation.
m. The provision of such staff and other resources as the board requires.
L.1993,c.16,s.3; amended 1998, c.41, s.3.
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