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Section: Violations, penalties for unlawful disclosure of genetic information

Statute: 13:1D-49

15. a. Whenever, on the basis of information available to the commissioner, the commissioner finds that a person is in violation of this act, the commissioner shall: (1) Issue an order in accordance with subsection b. of this section requiring the person to comply; (2) Bring a civil action in accordance with subsection c. of this section; (3) Levy a civil administrative penalty in accordance with subsection d. of this section; or (4) Bring an action for a civil penalty in accordance with subsection e. of this section. The exercise of any of the remedies provided in this section shall not preclude recourse to any other remedy so provided. b. Whenever, on the basis of information available to the commissioner, the commissioner finds that a person is in violation of this act, the commissioner may issue an order (1) specifying the provision or provisions of this act, or the rule or regulation adopted pursuant thereto, of which the person is in violation; (2) citing the action that caused the violation; (3) requiring compliance with the provision of this act or the rule or regulation adopted pursuant thereto of which the person is in violation; and (4) giving notice to the person of his right to a hearing on the matters contained in the order. c. The commissioner is authorized to commence a civil action in Superior Court for appropriate relief from a violation of this act. This relief may include an assessment against the violator for the costs of any investigation, inspection, or monitoring survey that led to the discovery and establishment of the violation, and for the reasonable costs of preparing and litigating the case under this subsection. d. (1) The commissioner is authorized to impose a civil administrative penalty of not more than $15,000 for each violation, and each day during which each violation continues shall constitute an additional, separate, and distinct offense. Any amount imposed under this subsection shall be assessed pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the commissioner for violations of similar type, seriousness, and duration. The commissioner shall have the authority to assess penalties prior to the establishment of rules and regulations governing penalties to the extent that such penalties are reasonable and based on other violations of a similar type, seriousness, and duration. No civil administrative penalty shall be imposed until after the person has been notified by certified mail or personal service. The notice shall include: a reference to the section of the act, rule, regulation, order, or permit violated; a concise statement of the facts alleged to constitute a violation; a statement of the amount of the civil administrative penalties to be imposed; and a statement of the person's right to a hearing. The person shall have 20 days from receipt of the notice within which to deliver to the commissioner a written request for a hearing. Subsequent to the hearing and upon finding that a violation has occurred, the commissioner may issue a final order or civil administrative penalty after imposing the amount of the fine specified in the notice. If no hearing is requested, the notice shall become a final order or a final civil administrative penalty upon the expiration of the 20-day period. Payment of the penalty is due when a final order is issued or when the notice becomes a final order or a final civil administrative penalty. The authority to levy a civil administrative penalty is in addition to all other enforcement provisions in this act, and the payment of a civil administrative penalty shall not be deemed to affect the availability of any other enforcement provision in connection with the violation for which the penalty is levied. A civil administrative penalty imposed under this subsection may be compromised by the commissioner upon the posting of a performance bond by the violator, or upon terms and conditions the commissioner may establish by rule or regulation. (2) In addition to the assessment of a civil administrative penalty, the commissioner may, by administrative order and upon an appropriate finding, assess a violator for the reasonable costs of any investigation, inspection, or monitoring survey which led to the establishment of the violation. e. Any person who violates this act, an order issued pursuant to subsection b. of this section, or a court order issued pursuant to subsection c. of this section, or who fails to pay in full a civil administrative penalty levied pursuant to subsection d. of this section, shall be subject, upon order of a court, to a civil penalty not to exceed $15,000 for each day during which the violation continues. Any penalty imposed pursuant to this subsection may be collected, and any costs incurred in connection therewith may be recovered, in a summary proceeding pursuant to "the penalty enforcement law" (N.J.S.2A:58-1 et seq.). The Superior Court and the municipal court shall have jurisdiction to enforce "the penalty enforcement law." f. Any violation of a pollution prevention condition of a facility-wide permit issued pursuant to this act shall be considered a violation of P.L.1970, c.33 (C.13:1D-1 et seq.), P.L.1970, c.39 (C.13:1E-1 et seq.), P.L.1977, c.74 (C.58:10A-1 et seq.), or P.L.1954, c.212 (C.26:2C-1 et seq.), as the department deems appropriate. L.1991,c.235,s.15.

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